First Hoobler Arrives in
Jacob Hubler at
age 30 came to America along
with his wife, Anna Barbara age 25, and three children: Anna Barbara age 3
years, Anna Maria age 2 years, and Francis (Frantz) age 3 months. They arrived
onboard the English Ship Elizabeth at the port of Philadelphia on
August 27, 1733. The Jacob Hubler family came from Bavaria in
what is now southeast Germany ,
but they boarded the ship in the port of Rotterdam , Holland in
the spring of 1733. Jacob's quest to America was part of a mass exodus from the Palatine
Area during the early 1700's. Jacob is the original ancestor
of the current Jacob Hoobler Branch and the first German immigrant to have his
name recorded as "Hoobler". After arrival, Jacob and Anna had two additional
children; Johannes John Sr. born between 1735 and 1739 and Anna Margareth born
July 27, 1746.
Hubler name is of Bavarian-Tyrol origin (southeast Germany ) .
The name in English means "hill", or literally "from a dwelling place (or small
farm) on a hill". Jacobís German name was spelled "Hubler", but in America it
became "Hoobler". This happened because it was very common in those days not to
be able to read or write. Jacob could only sign his name with a block letter
"H". The shipís logger at Rotterdam recorded
the name around Jacobís mark as Jacob Koobler. Upon arrival in Philadelphia ,
it was corrected to "Hoobler". However, depending upon the source, both
spelling of Jacobs name was interchanged until the 1830s. Where Jacobís
naturalization papers were required (land records, wills, and other legal
records outside the Pennsylvania German settlement), the spelling as Hoobler is
recorded. But on less formal records (church and tax records recorded inside
the Pennsylvania German settlement) the spelling Hubler is found.
should be noted that between 1700 and 1850 there was never an immigrant
passenger with the name "Hoobler" recorded in any Ship Logs. As clarified
above the German spelling of Hoobler is Hubler (or huber) and the spelling only
became Hoobler after the immigrants landed in America and
due to the predominance of English language speaking Scribes, Clerks and Record-
keepers that transcribe the names as passengers arrived.
journey from central Europe to America was
long and hazardous. It could take from first spring until the end of summer to
make the journey. Jacob and his family would have had to make their way to the
nearest river that flowed into the Rhine River .
There they could catch a barge or boat to take them to the port of Rotterdam , Holland . Germany then
was divided into several independent provinces with their own Kings and foreign
policy. Consequently a journey to Holland meant
many forced stops along the way for searches and paying tariffs. When they
finally made it to Rotterdam ,
they would have to wait for days if not weeks for the next available ship for
passage across the Atlantic .
When an English ship could board them, it would stop at Dover , England for
fresh provisions to sustain approximately 200 or more people crowded on the
ship. Finally, after leaving Dover there
was no guarantee for favorable winds. They could sit off the coast of England again
for days or weeks before favorable winds could carry them out to sea. The
Atlantic crossing could be as short as three weeks or as long as 3 months. No
matter, food would spoil quickly if not run out completely on the longer
voyages. Water would spoil, being infested with worms. Overcrowding made ship
conditions horrible with communicable diseases spreading easily. It was recorded
that 16 children died on Jacobís voyage. The low number must mean the voyage
wasn't one of the longer ones.
arrival in Philadelphia , England required
that German speaking immigrants take an immediate oath to the King. After
that, Jacob would have himself bound into indentured servitude to pay for his
fare across the Atlantic .
Jacob and his family would have to work at the buyerís home or farm to pay off
their debt under a four-year contract. This practice, known as redemptionism,
was not a hardship. Protected by law, they were well treated by the buyer who
was required to shelter, feed, and give aid while serving out their contract.
They would even eat with the buyer at the same table. At the end of their
service, Jacob and Barbara would have been awarded means to be on their own. In
August of 1737, Jacob is recorded to have completed his obligation.
that same month (August 1737), Jacob quickly claimed 200 acres of land in the
newly acquired Tulpehocken Valley from
the Indians just northwest of Reading , Pa. It
is located today in Jefferson Township of Berks County about 1Ĺ mile east of
Rehrersburg and 1 mile west of New Shaefferstown. The New
Shaefferstown Road ( State Road 4016)
runs through Jacobís property today as it has since 1749. In 1739, his land was
re-surveyed for 191 acres. Finally, on January 31, 1752, Jacob was issued a
patent (original owner deed) for the amount of "52 Pennsylvania pounds".
Following German farm skills, Jacobís first order of business after claiming his
land was to painstakingly clear it of all trees and brush, leaving no tree
stumps or roots in the ground that was to be plowed. This would make the land
fit and ready for cultivation after the winter. The next order of business
would be to build a barn. This would be done before any thought of building a
permanent home for his family. Then a temporary home would be built with logs.
A more permanent home would take years, made of rock and wood. Usually, it
would take two generations to erect a permanent family homestead.
1753, Jacob began appearing on the Berks County tax
records. No other Hubler (or Hoobler) appears on these records until 1760 when
the name Johannes Hubler (Hoobler) appears next to Jacob. In 1762, Frantz Hubler
begins to appear on these tax records. From the 1740ís through the 1790ís,
three generations of the Hubler (Hoobler) family appear in church records of the
reverend John Casper Stover and H. William Stoy. Jacob & Barbara sponsored
their grandchildren and neighborís children at baptisms, and their own children
being married. They were members of the German Reformed Church. Today this
church is merged into the United Church of Christ. Most of these church records
come from the Host Church , which
is still located today just around Summer Hill about 1Ĺ miles south of Jacobís
farm. The church is now named the St.
Johnís United Church of
strict honesty that William Penn and his successors had dealing with Native
Americans let Pennsylvania pioneers
live peaceably on their land. Native Americans moved gradually and peacefully
to the other side of the Blue Mountains of the Appalachians .
But this would all change when war broke out between England and France in
Europe (the Seven Years War) and carried over into America (the
French & Indian War). The frontier settlements out in the Tulpehocken Valley were
vulnerable to Native Americans influenced by the French. From 1754 to 1763,
defenseless farms were attacked in search and destroy type raids with all the
horrors that involve Indian warfare. Jacob Hoobler had the unfortunate task of
being executor of the will of Peter Keysinger who was the first to be killed by
an Indian raid while plowing his field in June of 1754. Tragically, Jacobís
own son, Frantz and his family were one of the last to be attacked in September
of 1763. Frantz survived the attack and one child was still listed alive after
being scalped, but two other children were dead, and his wife, Carolina , and
3 other children were kidnapped.
the Revolutionary War broke out in 1776, the Jacob Hoobler family was
contributing patriots to the cause. In 1777, the Pennsylvania Province
Legislature recorded oaths of allegiance. Jacob, Johannes, and Adam Hoobler
(father, son, and grandson respectively) were recorded taking the oath.
Johannes is recorded on the muster roll of Capt. George Miller of the Berks
County Militia from Tulpehocken on duty at the Battle of South Amboy, Long
Island in Sept; 1776. In the oral tradition of Margaret Hoobler-Bair family
(granddaughter of Johannes), the Hooblers contributed supplies to the
There isnít any record of Jacob or Barbaraís death. The church cemeteries that
surround Jacobís land show no markers standing prior to the 1820ís. Any marker
standing before the 1830ís is unreadable. Today areas of unmarked graves, lost
forever, stand out amongst the newer markers. We can only speculate on what
records are left. In 1785, Jacob for the first time appears as a godparent of
a neighborís grandchild without Barbara. It is possible that Barbara was
deceased by this date. And Jacob appears for the last time in the 1789 Berks County tax
list and not in any later list. Possibly he died later in 1789 or 1790. Unless
other records appear, we can never know for sure.
Known Children of Jacob & Anna Barbara Hubler are:
Anna Barbara Hoobler was
born 1730. She married Johan (John) Schopp October 15, 1753. 3 known children
are: Johann Nicolaus Schopp was born December 10, 1759. Johann Jacob Schopp was
born January 7, 1770. Anna Maria Schopp was born May 1, 1772.
Anna Maria Hoobler was
born 1732. She married Jost Derr who died in 1789. Brother-in-law Johannes
Hoobler was executor of his will. At least 6 children: Anna Barbara Derr was
born September 29, 1769. Johann H. B. Derr was born September 24, 1772. Ludwig
Derr was born May 4, 1774. Three additioanl children listed on Jostís will:
Elizabeth Derr, Catherine Derr, and Margaret Derr.
Francis (Frantz) Hoobler was
born May 1733. He first married Carolina Keender, daughter of Johannes Keender
on 1 May 1757. Her father was recorded as deceased at the time of their wedding.
Frantz & Carolina had at least 6 children, one known name: Barbara Hoobler was
born July 13, 1760. Indians attacked Frantz in 1763, killing his wife and
children (possibly one child survived). Frantz apparently remarried with a
childbirth recorded in 1768, a daughter, Julianna Hoobler was born April 14,
1768. His new wife was not named. Frantz moved off his fatherís farm in the
1760s to Upper Bern Township .
In the 1790s he moved across the Blue Mountains into Pinegrove Township .
It is believe his family adapted the correct German spelling of Hubler since his
fatherís naturalization papers did not bind him, from living on his own.
Johannes (John) Hoobler Sr.
was born circa 1735-1739. Johannes
(John) Hoobler Sr. continued
Margareth Hoobler was
born July 27, 1746. She married Bernhardt Heu. At least 5 children: Johan George
Heu was born 1771. Frederich Heu was born 1776. Elizabeth Heu was born
1783. Jacob Heuwas born October 1786. Catherine Elizabeth Heu was born April 1,
Johannes (John) Hoobler Sr. was
apparently the first in the Hoobler family to be born in America .
There is no record of his birth in the Tulpehocken area church records (though a
lot of records are missing). It may be that he was born while his father was
under indentured servitude between 1733 and 1737, at a location yet to be
determined around Philadelphia .
The first record of Johannes appears in 1760 on the Berks County tax
list from Tulpehocken. It abnormally states that he is "married". From church
records, we know his wifeís name was Anna Margaretha (Margaret). Judging from
the 1790 census record, they had at least 9 children.
his older brother, Frantz, off on his own farm (in Upper Bern Township in
1760ís and then in Pinegrove Township from
the 1770ís), Johannes became head of the Hoobler farm in Jacobís elder years and
after his passing. Johannes appears on Berks County tax
lists along with Jacob from 1760 to 1789. On the 1764 tax list, Jacob and
Johannes appear jointly on the same record. From 1790-1794, Johannes appears on
the tax lists but without Jacob.
During the American Revolution, Johannes was a volunteer from Tulpehocken in the
Pennsylvania Militia, 6th Battalion, 3rd Company from Berks County .
The Militia was not part of the Continental Army of George Washington, but a
reserve force much like todayís National Guard, called into active duty only
when needed. Johannesí name appears on the muster roll of this company on duty
at the Battle of South Amboy, Long
Island in September of 1776. This was first battle that
the British got serious with the colonials after the Declaration of Independence
in July earlier that year. George Washington called up all the Militia forces
in the area of New York to
repel the British reinforcements that landed at Long
Island . This proved to be unsuccessful as this initial
British advancement went through New
York City all the way to Philadelphia by
the spring of 1777.
But Johannes volunteered again in June of 1780
to serve until July of 1781. Unfortunately, many revolutionary war records are
missing today. And for Johannes, no other records have survived about his
service during the war. Consequently, the Pennsylvania State Archives in Harrisburg list
his record as "inactive".
In the early spring of 1795, Johannes and
his childrenís families moved west about 75 miles to the beautiful Sherman Valley south
of the settlement of Blain in Toboyne Township of Cumberland County. Today
this is in Jackson Township of
Perry County, Pa. Johannes purchased 66Ĺ acres while his childrenís families
purchased land nearby.
After Margaretís death, possibly in 1799, Johannes would sell his land in April
of 1800 to a Frederick Briner and move in with his eldest son, Adam. Johannes
does not appear on the 1800 census. But on son Adamís census record, an elder
male appears. This elder male appears on Adamís census records through to 1820.
In the spring of 1813, the Johannes Hoobler family would split up for the first
time. Three of his sons, Adam (probably along with Johannes), John Jr., and
Michael would buy new land in Jefferson
County , Ohio .
One son, Jacob, remained in Pennsylvania where
he died in July of 1814.
last positive record of Johannes is in the probate records of his son, Jacob, in
1815. But if Johannes is the elder male that appears in Adam Hooblerís census
records, then Johannes was living until at least June of 1820. In the family
tradition of son Jacobís line, it was always believed that Johannes had died in Ohio. His
grave has not been located as all graves before the 1830ís are difficult to
find. If he was living with Adam, it is possible that his grave is now unmarked
near Adamís grave at Buffalo Hill Cemetery ,
County , Ohio .
Known Children of Johannes & Margaret Hoobler are:
Adam (Johannes Adam) Hoobler was
born September 30, 1761. See Adam
Hoobler 1761 page.
Johannes (John) Hoobler Jr.
was born circa 1765. See Johannes
John Hoobler Jr 1765 page.
Michael Hoobler was
born March 3, 1767 and died May 15, 1849 in Montgomery
County , Ohio . He
married Margaret. She was born January 31, 1773 and died Febuary 24, 1853.
Michaelís family came with Adamís and John Jr.ís families to Jefferson
County , Ohio in
1813. By 1815, Michael was firmly established just south of Dayton , Ohio . Michael
& Margaret are buried in Ellerton , Ohio .
Some of his childrenís names: George Hoobler, Susanna Hoobler, Polly Hoobler,
and Martin Hoobler.
Jacob Hoobler I was
Catharina Hoobler was
born January 26, 1775 (No other information).
Maria Barbara was
born Febuary 19, 1778 (No other information).
Anna Maria Hoobler was
born March 19, 1785 (No other information).
(Our thanks to Gene R. Hoobler for the research, chronology and the writing of
County Tax Records, Berks County Historical Society, Reading, Pa.
2 Berks County Church Records of the 18th Century, vols. 3 & 4, the
records of Host Church; Family Line Publications, Westminster, Md. (1993)
3 Published Pennsylvania Archives, Third Series, vol. XIII and vol.
XVIII, Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
4 Published Pennsylvania Archives, Fifth Series, vol. V, p. 153, 223.
Morton L. Montgomery, History of Berks
County , Pa. in
the Revolution, p. 106 (1895). Raymond E. Hollenbach, Berks County Soldiers in
the merican Revolution, Berks County Genealogical Society, (1986).
thanks to Gene R. Hoobler for the research, chronology and the writing of this
1 Published Pennsylvania
Archives, Fifth Series, vol. 1, p. 111, Pennsylvania State Archives,
2 Hans Bahlow, Dictionary of German Names, translated by Edda Gentry, Max
Kade Institute for German-American Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison,
Wisconsin, 1993. Also George F. Jones, German American Names, 2nd Ed.,
Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore , Md. ,
3 Oscar Kuhns, The German and Swiss Settlements of Colonial Pennsylvania,
Henry Holt & Co. 1900, reprinted 1989 Heritage Books Inc., Bowie , Md. Also
Ralph B. Straussburger, Pennsylvania German Names, vol. 1, Introduction
pp. xxxiii-xxxviii, Pennsylvania German Society, 1934.
4 To be advised.
5 Warrant No. 5, Lancaster County, Pa. Survey Book C07, p. 222, Pennsylvania
State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
6 Warrant No. 204, Lancaster County, Pa. Survey Book C76, p. 117, Pennsylvania
State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
7 "Patent to Jacob Hoobler", Patents Book A17, p. 55, Lacanster County, Pa.,
Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa.
8 Berks County Church Records of the 18th Century, vols. 3 & 4, Family
Line Publications, Westminster, Md., 1993
9 "Will of Peter Kysinger", Books of Administration, vol. 1, p. 73, Berks County
Courthouse, Reading, Pa.
10 Morton L. Montgomery, History of Berks County, Pa., p. 130, 1890.
11 Ibid. pp. 133-136.
12 "Oaths of Allegiance Taken by Berks County, Berks County Historical Society,
13 Published Pennsylvania Archives, Fifth Series, vol. V, p. 153, 223.
Morton L. Montgomery, History of Berks
County , Pa. In
the Revolution, p.106. Raymond E. Hollenbach, Berks County Soldiers in
the American Revolution, Berks Co. Genealogical Society, 1986.
14 Mrs. Zola McCutcheon to Mrs. Guiles Flowers, 1923, "Flowers File", Cumberland
County , Pa. Historical
Society, Carlisle , Pa. Mrs.
Flowers did research for Mrs. McCutcheon, who was a granddaughter of Margaret